Macintosh

July 12, 2009

Charles Rennie Mackintosh is one of Peter’s inspirations. I had never heard of him before I started working here and now I can not learn enough about this architect/designer. My personal favorites are his lesser known botany prints. A few are shown below but please don’t stop here. Click on the link below as a primer and then go from there:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Rennie_Mackintosh

I’ve been away from work for awhile. We were moving and my wife was delivering our first child. All said and done, I hadn’t been into the shop for over a month.

In the meantime, Peter had been building a canopy cherry wood bed. It was nearly constructed when I walked back into the shop yesterday. At first glance the curves and lines seduced me and there is a Macintosh inspired figure built into the headboard that commands attention and I was drawn to the bed in theory and principal. But it was not until I started rubbing it – sanding it – touching it with my own hands that I fell in love with it. Wood is funny like that. It is still just an object until you put yourself into it. Wood absorbs energy. A hand-sanded piece of furniture takes on the life of the sander. Wood starts to give back. And when you sand, it starts to radiate. You change the patina and there is an alchemy that undergoes with cherry especially. You pull out a pink luster with your hand. It is magic. Simple magic. And it was somewhere during the fourth hour of sanding that I realized I had fallen completely in love with it and that I truly have one of the best jobs on the planet.

Try and make any small wood project this month with your own hands so that you can understand what I am saying. You will know.

Wane. Wane who?

May 8, 2009

Wane is the “tree” that is left on rough cut lumber. Think of this as a transition state between a living tree in the forest and a finished piece of lumber. If you took a round tree trunk and sliced it in half – you would have lumber on the inside and wane on the outside. You never see this stuff at Home Depot and it is wild to see it in person. It really reminds you that your furniture had a whole different life before you.

As I mentioned before, this is much more than an apprenticeship on furniture making. This is history. This is philosophy. This is art and culture. Listed below are a few audio excerpts taken from a discussion with Peter Maynard about the inspiration of capturing time and space.

Listen to Peter talk about one of his top muses: wendel-berry

Listen to Peter talk about growing up in rural Connecticut: b-ball-in-the-b_barn

Listen to Peter talk about rural New Hampshire: where-the-primevil-is-a-factor

More on life in rural New Hampshire: satisfaction

To see how these philosophies play out in Peter’s furniture making,

please visit www.coldriverfurniture.com

Turning wood into glass

March 22, 2009

I’ve seen plenty of sandpaper in my life. I’ve seen orbital sanders and belt sanders – palm sanders and block sanders. But I had never seen a scraper – a cabinet scraper before.

A cabinet scraper is just a thin sheet of steel but when used in the right circumstances, it can turn your wood surface into glass. Instead of grinding the wood fibers like sandpaper, it cuts microscopic layers of wood tissue.

Excerpts from the following article are listed below:

Back before the invention of sandpaper, craftsmen would scrape the surface of wood to get it smooth. Thankfully, cabinet scrapers have stood the test of time and are still available today. One of the most inexpensive tools to buy, scrapers leave a silky-smooth surface superior to even the finest grits of sandpaper. They also work faster than sandpaper.

In order for a scraper to work, you need to form—or burnish—a hooked edge to cut the wood fibres. To accomplish this, first polish the scraper’s edge at 90º using either a fine whetstone or 1,000-grit sandpaper on a flat surface

The three main ways to use a scraper

Push method: This is the most aggressive method of scraping. A bow is formed in the scraper by pushing the centre out with your thumbs, and the scraper is pushed into the wood. This is the most popular approach, as it yields the fastest results.

Pull method: While not as aggressive as the push method, the pull method gives the user more control. I prefer to use the pull method when doing detail work, focusing on a specific area or difficult grain

Flat method: Because of the shape of the hook, scrapers work while laying flat on the surface of the wood. This method is the least aggressive, but really shines when you don’t want much material removed. A great use for the flat method is to remove dust bumps from cured finishes. Before rubbing out your finish, lay the scraper flat on the surface and use your fingertips to slide the tool back and forth. The scraper acts as a mini-plane as it removes the bumps without going through the surrounding finish.

For more great tips or to see the furniture we are making, please visit

www.coldriverfurniture.com

Drilling Square Holes

March 17, 2009

Last week I used the old Mortise machine for the first time. When I say old, I mean that it used to be powered by a water mill and that there are more leather belts on this machine than under the hood of my car. I’d been watching Peter use the machine for the last few weeks but was never quite sure exactly what it did – besides for making a lot of smoke. Getting asked to use the machine felt like graduating to a new level of responsibility.

In a nutshell, the machine drills square holes in order to create a mortise for a furniture joint. In theory, the square holes are drilled in sequence to create a straight hollow line. The straight line corresponds to a matching tenon and the joints line up and fit. Two pieces of wood become one without any nails or screws. It is simply amazing. The ingenuity behind this old machine makes me bow my head in respect.

And how do you drill a square hole you might ask? This is the part that is so amazing. A regular drill bit is enclosed in what is effectively a 4 sided chisel. As the drill presses downward and creates a circle, the circle’s perimeter tangents are hit with the chisels. Then end result is a perfectly crisp square hole. Amazing.

After doing a bit more research on the history of the machine, I learned that it from the company Wysong and Miles Co and it is model number 272. It was originally a Line Shaft machine that had been converted over to an electric motor. For more detailed information on how Line Shafts work, please visit this excellent post. There is a decent photo gallery of old Wysong and Miles mortise machines at the Old Working Machines website which can be viewed here: I copied the following photo from that gallery. As an explanation, the first thing to notice is the giant foot pedal. This is used to push the square chisle through the wood while drilling. The next thing to notice is the large bottom wheel. This sets the depth that the mortise will drill to and finally, please note the smaller nob near the fence. This sets the distance from the edge that the line will drill to. Like I said before – simply amazing.

For more information on master furniture techniques and designs, please visit

Cold River Furniture.